Definite articles in French (le, la, les, l’) – Rules & Examples

Definite articles in French: Rules & Examples:

In French, definite articles are used to refer to specific nouns, which can either be singular or plural.

There are four definite articles in French: “le”, “la”, “les”, and “l’”.

The form of the definite article used depends on the gender of the noun and whether it is singular or plural.

Here are the rules for using definite articles in French:

  1. For singular masculine nouns, the definite article is “le” (e.g. “le livre” = the book).
  2. For singular feminine nouns, the definite article is “la” (e.g. “la voiture” = the car).
  3. For plural nouns, the definite article is “les” (e.g. “les livres” = the books).
  4. When a singular noun begins with a vowel sound, the definite article is “l’” (e.g. “l’arbre” = the tree).


  1. Le chat (The cat)
  2. La maison (The house)
  3. Les enfants (The children)
  4. L’école (The school)
  5. Le chapeau (The hat)
  6. La fille (The girl)
  7. Les chaussures (The shoes)
  8. L’amour (The love)

It’s important to note that the definite articles in French must agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify.

I hope this helps with your French lesson on definite articles. If you have any other questions or need more clarification, feel free to ask!


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