20 Essential Pronominal Verbs in French and How to Use Them

Mastering French: 20 Essential Pronominal Verbs You Need to Know

Pronominal verbs are an important part of French grammar, and mastering them is essential for becoming fluent in the language. Pronominal verbs are verbs that are accompanied by a reflexive pronoun, which refers back to the subject of the sentence. They are often used to express actions that someone does to themselves or to each other, or to express a change of state or emotion.

Here are 20 essential pronominal verbs in French, along with examples of how to use them:

  1. Se lever (to get up) Je me lève tous les matins à six heures. (I get up every morning at six o’clock.)
  2. Se coucher (to go to bed) Elle se couche tôt tous les soirs. (She goes to bed early every night.)
  3. Se laver (to wash oneself) Il se lave les mains avant de manger. (He washes his hands before eating.)
  4. Se brosser (to brush oneself) Elle se brosse les cheveux tous les matins. (She brushes her hair every morning.)
  5. Se maquiller (to put on makeup) Elle se maquille avant de sortir. (She puts on makeup before going out.)
  6. S’habiller (to get dressed) Je m’habille rapidement le matin. (I get dressed quickly in the morning.)
  7. Se reposer (to rest) Il se repose après le déjeuner. (He rests after lunch.)
  8. Se souvenir (to remember) Je ne me souviens pas de son nom. (I don’t remember his name.)
  9. Se tromper (to make a mistake) Elle s’est trompée de chemin. (She made a mistake with the direction.)
  10. S’asseoir (to sit down) Je m’assois sur le canapé. (I sit down on the couch.)
  11. Se lever (to stand up) Il se lève pour saluer son ami. (He stands up to greet his friend.)
  12. Se taire (to be silent) Il se tait quand il est en colère. (He is silent when he is angry.)
  13. S’excuser (to apologize) Elle s’est excusée pour son retard. (She apologized for her lateness.)
  14. Se promener (to take a walk) Ils se promènent dans le parc. (They take a walk in the park.)
  15. Se rencontrer (to meet) Nous nous sommes rencontrés au café. (We met at the cafe.)
  16. Se rappeler (to recall) Je me rappelle avoir vu ce film. (I recall seeing this movie.)
  17. Se marier (to get married) Ils se sont mariés l’été dernier. (They got married last summer.)
  18. S’entraîner (to train) Je m’entraîne tous les jours pour être en forme. (I train every day to be in shape.)
  19. Se concentrer (to concentrate) Elle se concentre sur son travail. (She concentrates on her work.)
  20. S’endormir (to fall asleep) Je m’endors facilement le soir. (I fall asleep easily at night.)

In conclusion, mastering pronominal verbs is essential for becoming fluent in French. These 20 essential pronominal verbs will help you communicate more effectively in a wide range of everyday situations. So, practice using these verbs in your conversations, and you’ll be well on your way to becoming fluent in French!

Leave a Comment