Relative pronouns in french: rules and examples
Relative Pronouns in French are used to connect two clauses and refer back to a noun in the previous clause. The most common relative pronouns in French are: “qui”, “que”, “dont”, “où”.
- “qui” is used to refer to people and can be translated as “who” or “whom”.
- “que” is used to refer to things and can be translated as “that” or “which”.
- “dont” is used to refer to possession and can be translated as “whose” or “of which”.
- “où” is used to refer to places and can be translated as “where”.
- “Le livre que j’ai acheté est intéressant.” (The book that I bought is interesting.)
- “La fille qui parle français est française.” (The girl who speaks French is French.)
- “Le livre dont j’ai besoin est en rupture de stock.” (The book whose need I have is out of stock.)
- “Le restaurant où nous avons dîné hier soir était très bon.” (The restaurant where we dined last night was very good.)
It’s important to practice using relative pronouns in context to become more familiar with their usage. Practice constructing sentences with different relative pronouns, referring back to different nouns, and in different tenses.
I hope this lesson with examples helps with your French teaching!