The pronoun “en” in French: rules and examples

The pronoun “en” in French: rules and examples

Lesson: Understanding “en” in French

“En” is a French pronoun that is used to indicate the existence or presence of something. It is often translated into English as “of it” or “of them”. In this lesson, we will learn how to use “en” in French and provide many examples to help you understand.

Uses of “en” in French:

  1. To express quantity: “J’ai deux livres, j’en ai lu un.” (I have two books, I have read one of them.)
  2. To indicate possession: “Le chat est à moi, j’en prends soin.” (The cat is mine, I take care of it.)
  3. To replace a noun: “J’aime les pommes, j’en mange tous les jours.” (I love apples, I eat them every day.)

Important rules to keep in mind:

  1. “En” must match the gender and number of the noun it replaces.
  2. “En” is placed before the verb, with the exception of “être” (to be) verb, which requires “en” to be placed after. “Il est en train d’étudier.” (He is studying.)
  3. “En” can also be used in compound tenses, such as the passé composé. “Il en a acheté deux.” (He bought two of them.)


  1. “J’ai vu les enfants, je leur ai donné des bonbons.” (I saw the children, I gave them candy.)
  2. “Je veux aller en vacances à la plage, j’adore les vagues.” (I want to go on vacation to the beach, I love the waves.)
  3. “Il y a beaucoup de gens ici, je ne connais personne d’entre eux.” (There are many people here, I don’t know anyone among them.)

In conclusion, “en” is a versatile pronoun in French that allows you to express quantity, possession, and replace a noun.

By keeping in mind the rules and practicing with examples, you will soon become comfortable using “en” in your French conversations.


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