Best French words to know: Law and Justice

Best French words to know: Law and Justice

Legal systems and concepts can vary greatly between countries and cultures, but understanding legal terminology in another language is always useful. Whether you’re a law student, legal professional, or just interested in the subject, knowing key legal terms in both English and French can be essential. In this vocabulary list, you’ll find common words and phrases related to the law, justice, and the legal system in both languages.

  1. Law – Loi
  2. Justice – Justice
  3. Lawyer – Avocat(e)
  4. Attorney – Avocat(e)
  5. Prosecutor – Procureur(e)
  6. Judge – Juge
  7. Court – Tribunal
  8. Case – Affaire
  9. Verdict – Verdict
  10. Conviction – Condamnation
  11. Acquittal – Acquittement
  12. Defendant – DĂ©fendeur/DĂ©fenderesse
  13. Plaintiff – Plaignant(e)
  14. Evidence – Preuve
  15. Testimony – TĂ©moignage
  16. Jury – Jury
  17. Witness – TĂ©moin
  18. Appeal – Appel
  19. Bail – Caution
  20. Parole – LibertĂ© conditionnelle
  21. Probation – LibertĂ© surveillĂ©e
  22. Prison – Prison
  23. Inmate – Prisonnier(ère)
  24. Bailiff – Huissier(e) de justice
  25. Summons – Citation
  26. Warrant – Mandat d’arrĂŞt
  27. Arrest – Arrestation
  28. Search warrant – Mandat de perquisition
  29. Miranda rights – Droits Miranda
  30. Plea – Plaidoyer
  31. Sentence – Peine
  32. Community service – Travaux d’intĂ©rĂŞt gĂ©nĂ©ral
  33. Probation officer – Conseiller(ère) en rĂ©insertion
  34. Rehabilitation – RĂ©habilitation
  35. Criminal record – Casier judiciaire
  36. Juvenile detention – Centre de dĂ©tention pour mineurs
  37. Detention center – Centre de dĂ©tention
  38. Sentencing hearing – Audience de jugement
  39. Probation hearing – Audience de libertĂ© surveillĂ©e
  40. Homicide – Homicide
  41. Assault – Agression
  42. Battery – Violence
  43. Burglary – Cambriolage
  44. Theft – Vol
  45. Robbery – Hold-up
  46. Fraud – Fraude
  47. Embezzlement – DĂ©tournement de fonds
  48. Arson – Incendie criminel
  49. Vandalism – Vandalisme
  50. Stalking – Harcèlement

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